We have UNIX web servers running the FreeBSD operating system. This article provides an overview of the main system parameters, such as paths to frequently used programs.
The FreeBSD operating system stores most applications in /usr/local/bin/ instead of /usr/bin/, which is commonly used in the UNIX world. Take this into consideration when using instructions or scripts from external sources or the Internet.
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Your Home directory, which contains all of your data such as e-mails, websites, statistics, etc., is found under
In UNIX lingo, this is referred to as “home” and can be abbreviated with a tilde “~”. The default and following directories are found here:
The ‘public_html’ folder is the document root for your domains if they were created before September 2007.
This folder is the document root for your new domains (from September 2007). Each domain has a subfolder containing the web data.
Your Home directory contains other administrative directories as well. All of these begin with a period and are treated as “hidden”. Many FTP programs do not even show these at all. Please do not make changes to these directories as this may damage your account!
Your Control Panel saves the usernames and passwords you have selected in the Control Panel to protect access to your website.
In addition to your own Home directory, the file system on your server contains other locations that may be of interest to you.
The locales available on your server are saved under
The separate article on locales provides more information on this topic.
Websites must sometimes create temporary data such as for PHP session handling. These temporary files may be stored under
Please note, however, that all users can access this directory and that the data is deleted automatically, periodically and without warning. It is therefore helpful if you create a folder for this type of data in your Home directory. Caution: Do not confuse /tmp/ in the root directory with the directory of the same name in your Home directory ~/tmp/.
The ‘Apache Handler’, ‘MIME Types’ and ‘Error Documents’ menus are professional tools.
With the ‘Apache Handler’ tool, you can define how special files are handled by your server. If desired, you can define individual Apache Handlers for your web data.
‘MIME types’ specify how certain file extensions are handled by the server (Apache). Here you can add additional MIME types.
With the ‘Error Documents’ function, you can personalize the errors (e.g. Error 404, 403 etc.) displayed on your server using a webpage designed by you.
As this is a professional tool, we assume that you are already informed about this and will dispense with further explanation.
Our support team will be happy to answer any questions you may have.