What is a DNS record?

A DNS record is the smallest instance containing the exact information that indicates which domain name “belongs” to which destination address. For Hostpoint, for example, the DNS must include the information that ‘hostpoint.ch’ must resolve to the IP address ‘217.26.48.183’.

You can think of this as a simple text record in a file or database.

However, the record includes additional information: 

 

Host name TTL (Time to Live) Class  Internet) Type Destination
hostpoint.ch. 300 IN A 217.26.48.183

There are, of course, other types of DNS records. Here is a list of the most common ones: 

Type Description Content
SOA Start of Authority ns.hostpoint.ch. hostmaster.hostpoint.ch. 20130614 86400 7200 3628800 12096000
NS Authoritative Nameserver of the domain ns.hostpoint.ch
A IPv4 address of the domain 217.26.48.183
CNAME Canonical name of the domain Host
MX Mail-Exchange, the mail server used for your domain  mx1.mail.hostpoint.ch
mx2.mail.hostpoint.ch

 

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